Based on data collected by the Hague Centre for Strategic Studies  seventeen countries currently allow transgender people to serve in their military. The decision to prepare a report follows a recent announcement by the Minister for Defence, Mr. This law does not apply to Northern Ireland only. The study focuses on men and women. In this security-conscious country where the military is considered to be essential to the continued existence of the nation, the decision to include sexual minorities has not harmed IDF effectiveness. France allows homosexuals to serve openly. Consensual sex between homosexuals may be regarded as "reciprocal rape", punishable by up to a year's imprisonment for both parties.
Retrieved September 17,
Sexual orientation and gender identity in military service
As ofafter the case of Aitor G. Several academics have written on the effects on employees in non-military contexts concealing their sexual orientation in the workplace. A researcher mentioned that "one would not want to be gay and in the military": Retrieved 17 November Gen Bergin pointed out that the Army does not ask potential recruits about their sexual orientation, and that they had few problems in the past in this area.
The rationale for excluding gays and lesbians from serving in the military is often rooted in cultural norms and values and has changed over time. Rights and legal issues. This research brief uses new data from the American Community Survey and the General Social Survey to provide updated estimates of how many lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals LGB are serving in the US military. In a comprehensive review of interviews with all known experts on homosexuality in the IDF in researchers were not able to find any data suggesting that Israel's decision to lift its gay ban undermined operational effectiveness, combat readiness, unit cohesion or morale. While the Presidential Decree of  allowed people to avoid the draft for deep psycho-sexual problems, it did not ban homosexuals from the army.